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高性能MySQL英文版生词之-Chapter13

第13章

  1. inspect [in’spekt] v. 检查,视察

    • Police were called out to keep at the airport, and inspect the arriving planes.
      警察们被紧急召集起来去守卫机场,并对到达的飞机进行检查。
  2. expose [ik’spəuz]vt. 揭露,使曝光,使暴露

    • The reporter was killed because he tried to expose a plot.
      这名记者因为试图揭露一个阴谋而被杀害。
  3. relevant [‘relivənt, ‘reləvənt] adj. 相关的,切题的,中肯的

    • A paper relevant to this research was published by him.
      与本研究相关的一篇论文是他发表的
  4. interpret [in’tə:prit]v. 口译, 解释, 翻译, 诠释

    • To interpret at the UN is a difficult task.
      在联合国做口译是件难 度很大的差事.
  5. mention [‘menʃən] vt. 提到,说起 n. 提及

    • Speaking of Macao, it is necessary to mention lotus flowers.
      说到澳门,就不得不提到莲花了。
    • He made no mention of having met her.
      他不提他曾经和她见面。
  6. elsewhere adv. 别处

    • I shall go elsewhere.
      我要到别处去。
  7. represent [. repri’zent] vt. 表示,代表, vi. 提出异议

    • Both represent the triumph of passion over reason.
      两者都表现出理智之外的激情。
  8. collation [kɔ’leiʃən, kə’leiʃən] n. 整理,校对,便餐

    • Some goods can have a different collation.
      有的货物可以有不同的归类办法。
  9. dual [‘dju:əl]adj. 双重的, 成双的 n. 双数

    • She has dual nationality.
      她有双重国籍。
  10. accustomed [ə’kʌstəmd] adj. 习惯了的,通常的

    • He was accustomed to command, not to entreat.
      他习惯于发号施令,而不是恳求他人。
  11. counter [‘kauntə] n. 柜台,筹码,计数器,反驳

    • He placed the money on the counter.
      他把钱放在柜台上
  12. metric [‘metrik] adj. 公制的,米制的,十进制的 n. 标准,度量

    • Britain changed to a metric system of currency in 1970.
      1970年,英国已改用公制货币。
    • Extensibility is a difficult metric to gauge.
      可扩展性是一个比较难衡量的标准。
    • We have set up a metric to grade your writing examinations.
      我们设立了一个度量标准来评判你们的写作水平
  13. metrics [‘metriks] n. 度量

  14. decrease [‘di:kri:s,di’kri:s] v. 减少,减小,降低

    • They are making further efforts to decrease military spending.
      他们正在做进一步的努力来减少军费开支
  15. imply [im’plai] vt. 暗示,意指,含有 . . . 的意义

    • I don’t wish to imply that you are wrong.
      我无意暗示你错了
  16. 计数器 counters

  17. wrap [ræp] v. 包,裹,覆盖,隐藏

    • You should wrap up the gift in a paper.
      你应该把礼物用纸包好
    • wrap back 绕回
  18. incrementally adv. 1. 逐渐地

  19. watch for 寻找;等待

    • He is anxiously watching for his friend.
      他急切地等着他的朋友
  20. be aware 意识到

  21. rarely [ˈrɛəli] adv. 1. 不常,很少地,难得地

    • She rarely went anywhere except to her office.
      她除了去办公室以外, 很少去别的地方
  22. gotcha [‘gɔtʃə] int. 这下抓住你了,我明白了

  • <口>=I’v got you(it)!
  1. exhaustive [ɪɡˈzɔstɪv] adj. 1. 全面的, 详尽的,彻底的

    • Let’s make an exhaustive study.
      让我们做一次深入的研究。
  2. consult [kənˈsʌlt] vt. 1. 请教,咨询;找(医生)诊治;2. 翻阅,查阅

    • He consulted the workers to understand the technical process.
      他询问工人, 想了解技术上的程序。
  3. collectively [kə’lektivli] adv. 共同地,集体地,总体地

    • The houses are owned collectively by the company.
      这些房子属公司集体所有
  4. track [træk] n. 1. 踪迹,痕迹,足迹;轨道 v. 追踪,跟踪

    • We followed his tracks through the snow.
      我们循着雪地上他留下的脚印走
      trace[treis]vt. 1. 跟踪,追踪 n. 1. 踪迹;痕迹;形迹
    • He knew they were tracing him.
      他知道他们正在追踪他跟踪,追踪
  5. attempt [ə’tempt] v. 企图,尝试 n. 企图,试图

    • He attempted to smother up the scandal about his family.
      他企图掩饰有关他家庭的丑闻。
  6. indicative [in’dikətiv] adj. 指示的,暗示的,【语】陈述的 n. 陈述语气

    • Use the indicative mood to make a sentence.
      请用陈述语气造句
  7. metric [‘metrik]adj. 公制的,米制的,十进制的 n. 标准

    • Britain changed to a metric system of currency in 1970.
      1970年,英国已改用公制货币。
    • Extensibility is a difficult metric to gauge.
      可扩展性是一个比较难衡量的标准。
  8. uptime [‘ʌptaim, ‘ʌp’taim] n. (计算机等的)正常运行时间

    • These include reducing IT management costs, increasing systems uptime, improving security and enabling wireless solutions.
      这些包括减少资讯科技管理费用,增加系统正常运行时间,改良安全和促成无线的解决
  9. administrative [əd’ministrətiv, əd’minə. streitiv] adj. 行政的,管理的

    • This job is mainly administrative.
      这份工作主要是行政性的。
  10. pointless [‘pɔintlis] adj. 无意义的,不会有结果的 n. 1. 无意义,空洞

    • We must put an end to the pointless conflict.
      我们必须结束这毫无意义的冲突。
  11. show up 显而易见;出现,露面

    • His show-off only serves to show up his ignorance.
      他的卖弄只不过暴露了他自己的无知
    • He showed up when we least expected him.
      我们根本没有料到, 他竟然来了
  12. eliminate [i’limineit, i’limə. neit] v. 除去,剔除,忽略,淘汰

    • You must eliminate an unknown quantity.
      你必须消去一个未知数。
  13. insight [‘insait, ‘in. sait] n. 洞察力,见识,深刻的理解

    • I’ve got an insight into the problem.
      我对问题豁然开朗。
  14. profiling query 查询分析

  15. tune [tju:n] n. 曲调,和谐,协调 vt. 为. . . 调音,调整 vi. 调音,调整频率

    • He played a tune on the violin.
      他用小提琴演奏了一首曲子。
  16. as important . . . 是重要的/not. . 是不重要的

  17. influence [‘influəns] vt. 影响,感化

    • Children are easily influenced by their peers.
      孩子很容易受同辈影响。
  18. inspect [in’spekt] v. 检查,视察

    • Police were called out to keep at the airport, and inspect the arriving planes.
      警察们被紧急召集起来去守卫机场,并对到达的飞机进行检查。
  19. rely [ri’lai] vi. 依靠,信任

    • They have to rely on the river for their water.
      他们用水只好依靠这条河
  20. ratio [‘reiʃiəu, ‘reiʃəu] n. 比率,比例

    • The ratios of 1 to 5 and 20 to 100 are the same.
      1与5之比和20与100之比相同
  21. insight into 洞察. . . .

    • I’ve got an insight into the problem.
      我对问题豁然开朗
  22. rank [ræŋk] n. 等级,阶层 v. 排名,分等级,列为

    • He is above me in rank.
      他的级别比我高。
    • This tennis player ranked third in the world.
      这位网球运动员排名世界第三
  23. in order of 按照. . . 排列,按. . . 的顺序

    • The items are listed in order of importance.
      这些项目是根据其重要性排列的。
  24. ascend [ə’send] v. 上升,攀登

    • He watched the airplane ascend higher and higher.
      他看到飞机飞得越来越高。
    • The mists are ascending from the valley.
      雾正在从山谷升起
  25. participate [pɑ:’tisipeit,pɑ:’tisə. peit] vi. 参加,参与 vt. 分享

    • Everyone in the class is expected to participate in the discussion.
      希望全班同学参加讨论。
  26. costly [‘kɔstli] adj. 昂贵的,代价高的

    • But the president said it was too costly.
      总统说花费这太大了。
  27. reevaluate [ri:i’væljueit] vt. 重新评价
    evaluate [i’væljueit,i’vælju. eit] vt. 评价,评估

    • Let’s evaluate the evidence.
      让我们评定一下此证据的价值。
  28. overhead [‘əuvə’hed] n. 经常开支,普通用费 [计算机] 总开销

    • Their office is in central Beijing, so their overhead is very high.
      他们的办事处设在北京市中心,所以他们的日常开支很大。
  29. criteria [krai’tiəriə,krai’tiriə] n. 标准,准则,尺度

    • The criteria will be different from those that pertain elsewhere.
      这里的标准将不同于其他地方适用的标准。
  30. examine [ig’zæmin] vt. 检查,调查,考试 vi. 检查,调查

    • The doctor examined her carefully.
      医生仔细检查了她的身体。
  31. well-tuned 调整好的

  32. spot [spɔt]n. 斑点;地点 v. 发现

    • The second part is the high spot of this book.
      第二部分是这本书的最精彩部分
  33. patch [pætʃ] n. 小片,补丁;斑

    • The ground is wet in patches.
      地上湿处片片
    • The dog’s coat is white with black patches.
      这只狗的皮毛白色中带有黑斑
  34. finer [‘fainə] adj. 好的,出色的

    • The internet offers an even finer filter.
      而因特网更成了好的新闻过滤器。
  35. sorting [‘sɔ:tiŋ] n. 整理,分类

    • She spent a whole afternoon sorting out her stamps.
      她花了整整一个下午整理邮票
  36. presort [pri:’sɔ:t]vt. 预先分拣

  37. increments n. 增量

    • This is the prime ratio of the nascent increments.
      这是最初增量的最初比。
  38. aside from=apart from 除. . . 以外

    • Aside from motorcars, the factory turns out bicycles.
      除了汽车之外,这家工厂还生产自行车
  39. confuse [kən’fju:z] vt. 使困惑,使混乱,混淆

    • They asked so many questions that they confused me.
      他们问了许许多多问题,把我弄糊涂了。
  40. chunk [tʃʌŋk] n. 大块;大量

    • We would not be able to grow the chunk.
      我们无法扩大这个大内存块。
  41. merely [‘miəli] adv. 仅仅,只不过

    • They are not merely content to fill the stomach.
      他们不仅仅满足于填饱肚子。
  42. preceding [pri’si:diŋ, pri:’si:diŋ] adj. 在前的,在先的

    • This point has been dealt with in the preceding paragraph.
      这一点在前面一段里已经交代过了。
  43. indicate [‘indikeit, ‘ində. keit] v. 指示,象征,表明,指明

    • This is used to indicate the temperature of the enclosure.
      这个用来指示壳体的温度。
  44. appendix [ə’pendiks] n. 附录,附属物,阑尾

    • There is an appendix at the back of the book.
      该书末尾处有一附录。
    • Appendix D 附录D
  45. traverse [‘trævə:s] n. 横贯,横木 v. 横贯,穿越,

    • The railway traverses hundreds of miles of desert.
      这条铁路贯穿数百英里的沙漠。
  46. meantime [‘mi:n’taim, ‘mi:n. taim] adv. 与此同时 n. 同时,其间

    • I continued working. Meantime, he went out shopping.
      我继续工作。这期间他出去买东西。
  47. skew [skju:] adj. 斜交的 vt. 歪曲,偏曲 vi. 歪斜

    • The picture is a bit skew.
      这幅画有点歪。
    • The boat skewed off course.
      船偏离了航线。
  48. significant [sig’nifikənt] adj. 重要的,有意义的,意味深长的

    • The question under discussion is significant.
      讨论中的问题是重要的。
  49. postfilter 补过滤

  50. apply [ə’plai] vt申请;应用;实施

    • Newton’s law of motion apply to all things on the earth.
      牛顿时的运动定律适用于地球上一切东西。
  51. coordinator [kəu’ɔ:dineitə] n. 协调者

    • Besides being a message relayer, the interpreter is also a coordinator in participating in the conversation.
      口译员除了作为一个信息接力员的角色以外,还是一个参与谈话的协调者。
  52. 见30

  53. overall [‘əuvərɔ:l] adj. 全部的,总体的, adv. 总的来说,总共

    • The overall measurement of this room is 80 square meters.
      这个屋子的总面积是80平方米。
  54. percentage [pə’sentidʒ] n. 百分率,比例,部分

    • We have only a small percentage of foreign books.
      我们只有一少部分外文书。
  55. shifting [ʃiftiŋ] n. 转移,飘移 adj. 不断改换的

    • After that, it could start shifting production back home.
      此后,该公司可能开始把生产转移至本土。
  56. activity [æk’tiviti] n. 活动,活跃 vt. 表演 adj. 厉害

    • We love outdoor activity.
      我们热爱户外活动。
  57. accumulate [ə’kju:mjuleit] v. 积累,增加,聚集

    • They set out to accumulate a huge mass of data.
      他们开始积累大量的资料。
  58. interval [‘intəvəl] n. 间隔,休息时间,(数学)区间,(音乐)音程

    • He comes back to see us at regular intervals.
      他每隔一段时间就回来看看我们
  59. unpredictable
    predictable [pri’diktəbl]adj. 可预知的

    • The only thing predictable about life is its unpredictability.
      生活唯一可预知的便是它的不可预知性。
    • He is moody and unpredictable.
      他喜怒无常而又捉摸不定。
  60. vary[‘veəri]
    vt. 使不同;改变;使用变化;使多样化;[音]变奏
    vi . 变化,有不同;呈差异;偏离,违反;[生]变异

    • Temperature varies greatly during the day.
      白天气温变化很大
  61. see 52

  62. incremental [inkri’məntl] adj. 增加的,增量的

    • Expected incremental costs will be below today’s costs.
      预期的增益成本会低于当今成本。
  63. announce [ə’nauns] vt. 宣布,宣告,预示,播报

    • I hope to announce the winner shortly.
      我希望马上宣布胜利者的名字。
  64. semaphore [‘seməfɔ:] n. 信号灯;旗语 v. 发出信号或旗语

    • The specified system semaphore name was not found.
      找不到指定的系统信号灯名称。
  65. concurrency n. (意见)一致,同时发生,并发

    • There is no specific concurrency control mechanism available.
      没有可以使用的特定的并发控制机制。
  66. slot [slɔt] n. 狭缝,槽,投币口;时间段, 职位

    • She placed her card in a slot on the outside the bank.
      她在银行外面把她的卡片塞进一条窄缝。
  67. reservation [. rezə’veiʃən] n. 预定,保留意见

    • I’d like to make a reservation.
      我想订票。
  68. allocate [‘æləkeit] vt. 分派,分配,分配额

    • The system was unable to allocate a new data object.
      系统无法分派新的数据对象。
  69. signal [‘signəl] n. 信号,标志 v. (发信号)通知、表示

    • A red lamp is often a danger signal.
      红灯常常是危险的信号。
  70. measure [‘meʒə]
    n. 措施,量度,尺寸,程度,办法
    v. 测量,比较,权衡

    • The government has taken measures to restrain inflation.
      政府已采取措施控制通货膨胀
    • The measure fell in with popular demand.
      这项措施符合人民的要求。
    • An hour is a measure of time.
      小时是时间的一个量度单位。
  71. spin [spin]
    v. (使)旋转,疾驰,纺织,结网,眩晕
    n. 纺织,旋转,眩晕,疾驰

    • My sister can spin on her toes like a dancer.
      我妹妹能像舞者一样踮着脚尖旋转。
    1. The lorry went into a spin on a patch of ice.
      卡车在一片冰地上打滑了。
    2. Let’s go for a spin in my new car.
      坐我的新汽车兜一圈吧。
    3. I’ve been in a real spin all morning.
      我整个上午都晕头转向的。
    4. The pitcher gave a spin to the ball.
      投手使球旋转。
  72. momentarily [‘məumən. terili, ‘məumən. terəli] adv. 暂时地,立刻地,时时刻刻地,随时地

    • His mind blanked out momentarily.
      他一时走神了
  73. mutex [mjuteks]n. [计算机]互斥(体)

    • A spinlock will basically spin on a mutex.
      轮转锁轮转的是互斥锁。
  74. hint [hint] n. 暗示

    • There were subtle hints in his letter.
      他的信中有些微妙的暗示。
  75. hot spot n. 热点,热闹的地区,危险的地区,夜总会

    • Informatization is a hot spot in current research.
      信息化问题已经成为当前研究的热点问题。
  76. critical [‘kritikəl] adj. 批评的,挑剔的,决定性的,危险的 adj. 临界的

    • We have come to the critical moment.
      现在到了紧要关头。
      [相近]see 51;
  77. restrict [ri’strikt] vt. 限制,约束

    • In a move to restrict imports, the government raised custom duties.
      政府在限制进口的措施中提高了关税
    • I restrict myself to smoking two cigarettes a day.
      我限定自己每天只抽两支烟。
    • Restrict your drinking,even on special occasions.
      即使在特殊场合,也要节制饮酒。
  78. gain [gein] n. 获得,收益,增益

    • No pain, no gain.
      不劳则无获。
    • The sea is gaining on the land.

    海水逐渐侵蚀陆地。


  1. exclusive [iks’klu:siv] adj. 排外的,独家的;奢华的 n. 独家新闻,独权

    • He is part of an exclusive social circle and belongs to an exclusive club.
      他所处的社交圈子很排外,而且参加的又是个很排外的社团。
    • Coding has not been his exclusive employment.
      编代码一直都不是他唯一的工作。
  2. multiphase [‘mʌltifeiz, ‘mʌlti. feiz] n. 多相

    • With the research of multiphase vertical flow law and wellhead choke law, the new oil wells productivity can be predicted.
      同时结合油井多相垂直管流规律和嘴流规律的研究对丘陵油田新井投产方案进行了单井预测。
  3. policy [‘pɔləsi] n. 政策,方针 n. 保险单

    • They expressed their dissent from official policy.
      他们对官方的政策表示出异议。
    • The annual premium on my policy is 3000 yuan.
      我的保险单每年的保险费是三千元。
  4. spin wait 可重用旋转等待

  5. alternative [ɔ:l’tə:nətiv]

    adj. 两者择一的, 供选择的
    n. 替换物,取舍

    • We have the alternative plans of having a picnic or taking a boat trip.
      我们在去野餐或者去乘船旅游两个计划中只能选一。
    • I had no alternative but to accept the offer.
      我除了接受该项提议之外,别无选择。
  6. monopolize [mə’nɔpəlaiz, mə’nɔpəl. aiz] v. 独占,垄断 =monopolise(英)

    • She tried to monopolize his time.
      她想独占他的时间。
    • She tended to monopolize the conversation.
      她说个没完,使别人插不上嘴。
    • The service providers monopolize the market.
      服务行业垄断了市场
  7. see[91]

    The submarine signaled for help.
    潜水艇发出求救的信号。

  8. efficient [i’fiʃənt] adj. 效率高的,胜任的

    • This is a highly efficient new heating system.
      这是个高效的新取暖系统。
    • He’s efficient at his job.
      他胜任工作
  9. strike [straik]

    n. 罢/工,打击,殴打
    vt. 攻击,袭击;侵袭

    • The dockers are coming out on strike for higher wages.
      码头工人将举行罢/工要求增加工资
    • A hurricane struck the city.
      飓风袭击了该城市。
    • A bullet struck him dead.
      一颗子弹把他击毙了。
  10. vary [‘vɛəri, ‘veri] v. 改变,变化,使多样化

    • Although this is the general approach, you can vary it to some degree.
      尽管这是常规方法,但可以在一定程度上改变它。
  11. vague [veig] adj. 不明确的,模糊的;茫然的, 犹豫不决的

    • At the back of his mind was the vague idea that he had met her before.
      他隐隐约约地觉得以前曾经见过她。
  12. violate [‘vaiəleit] vt. 侵犯,亵渎;强/奸;违犯,干扰

    • Don’t violate other people’s copyright.
      不要侵犯他人版权。
  13. fairly [‘fɛəli] adv. 公正地;相当地

    • This company deals fairly with every client.
      这家公司公正地对待每位客户。
  14. straightforward [streit’fɔ:wəd] adj. 易懂的,笔直的,坦率的

    • The instructions are reasonably straightforward.
      用法说明还算简单易懂。
  15. shed [ʃed] shed light on sth. 使某事清楚明白地显示出来;阐明. . . ;说明. . .

    vt. 除掉,使脱落,使流出,使清晰
    n. 小屋,车棚

    • This method can help students shed inhibitions.
      这一方法能帮助学生去除顾虑。
    • The snow has banked up against the shed.
      雪在小屋旁聚积起来。
    • They planned to build a shed beside the house for parking bikes.
      他们打算在房子旁边建一个车棚用来停自行车
  16. graph [græf] wait-for graph 等待图

    n. 图表,示意图
    vt. 图示;用图表示

    • The graph shows a bulge in the price of meat.
      图表显示肉类价格上涨。
    • Since they are equations we can graph them.
      由于它们是方程,所以我们能以图来描绘。
  17. arbitrary [‘ɑ:bitrəri] adj. 任意的;霸道的;武断的

    • My choice was quite arbitrary.
      我的选择相当随意。
    • This is an arbitrary decision.
      这是个武断的决定。
    • The cycle can be arbitrarily large
      该循环可以任意的大
  18. instant [‘instənt] n. 瞬间,立即 adj. 立即的,即时的,速成的

    • I shall be back in an instant.
      我马上就回来。
  19. involve [in’vɔlv] vt. 包含,牵涉;使卷入,使陷入

    involved [in’vɔlvd] adj. 涉及的,牵连的,复杂的,感情投入的,有密切关系的

    • A letter of credit will involve unnecessary extra charges.
      信用证包含有不必要的额外开支。
    • I got involved in a quarrel about the price.
      我被卷入了一场有关价格的争吵。
  20. acquire [ə’kwaiə] vt. 获得,学到,取得

    • We should try to acquire good habits.
      我们应该努力养成良好的习惯。
    • We should acquire more firsthand information.
      我们应当取得更多的第一手资料
  21. nevertheless [. nevəðə’les] adv. 尽管如此, 不过, 仍然 conj. 然而,不过

    • Our defeat was expected;nevertheless,it was disappointing.
      我们的失败是意料中的事;尽管如此,还是令人失望。
  22. see[10]

  23. recur [ri’kə:] vi. 重现,再发生 vi. 诉诸

    • What do you want to make it recur?
      如果你能选择的话,你希望让什么重现?
    • how often the alarm recurs 重现提醒的间隔
  24. exceed [ik’si:d] vt. 超过,超出 vi. 领先

    • His knowledge of history exceeds mine.
      他的历史知识超过我。
  25. prevent [pri’vent] v. 预防,防止

    • Scientists are trying to find ways to prevent disease.
      科学家们正试图找到预防疾病的方法
    • Nothing can prevent us from carrying out the plan.
      什么也无法阻挡我们去实施这个计划
  26. remedy [‘remidi]

    n. 治疗法,药物,补救
    vt. 治疗,补救,矫正

    • Warmth is the best remedy for colds.
      热疗是治感冒的最好方法。
  27. patch [pætʃ] n. 小片,补丁 vt. 修补,补缀

    • The ground is wet in patches.
      地上湿处片片。
  28. see[118]

  29. omit [əu’mit] vt. 省略,遗漏,忘记,删去

    • In writing telegrams omit superfluous words.
      写电报稿要省去不必要的文字。
  30. see[101]

  31. brevity [‘breviti] n. 短暂,简短,简洁

    • Those who make the worst use of their time are the first to complain of its brevity.
      最拙劣地滥用时间的人,首先抱怨时间短暂。
    • His style is characterized by brevity.
      简洁是他的文体的特色。
  32. infeasible [in’fi:zəbl, in’fi:zəbəl] adj. 行不通的,不可实行的

    • The plan turned out to be infeasible.
      计划证明行不通。
    • The chairman dismissed their suggestion as infeasible.
      主/席认为他们的建议行不通而不予考虑。
  33. purge [pə:dʒ] n. 整肃,清除,泻药,净化 v. 净化,清除,清洗

    • The new president carried out a purge of disloyal army officers.
      新总统对不忠诚的陆军军官进行了一次整肃。
    • We may purge water by distillation.
      我们可以用蒸馏法使水净化。
    • We need to purge our sport of racism.
      我们必须消除体育界的种族主义。
  34. unpurged [ʌn’pə:dʒd] a. 未净化的

  35. see[103]

  36. idle [‘aidl]

    adj. 无目的,无聊的;懒惰的,闲散的
    vi. 不作事,闲逛;(机器)空转
    vt. 虚度;使空闲

    • Being at an idle end,we often go to and look around the shops.
      闲来无事,我们常去逛逛商店。
    • No matter how rich, one shall not live an idle life.
      不管一个人多么富有,都不应该过着闲散的生活
    • The strike idled many workers.
      罢/工使许多工人没事干。
    • He is always idling about street corners.
      他总是在街道角落那闲逛
    • “You’re perfectly right when you say that one shouldn’t let one’s machinery lie idle and go rusty!
      “你这话对极了,机器搁着就生锈!
  37. perform [pə’fɔ:m] v. 执行,履行;表演,运转

    • He is going to perform magic at the party.
      他将在晚会上表演魔术
    • The machine performs well.
      那部机器运转良好。
  38. see[14]

  39. struct [strʌkt] abbr. 结构(=structure)

  40. reenter [. ri:’entə, ri:’entə] v. 重新进入

    • She was going to reenter for TOEFL.
      她将重新报名参加托福考试。
    • Reenter the file or folder name.
      重新输入文件或文件夹名称
  41. thrash [θræʃ]

    n. 打(谷),鞭打
    vt. 抽打,彻底击败
    vi. 痛打,猛烈移动(动荡)

    • Farmers used to thrash their wheat by hand.
      农民过去用手打麦脱粒。
    • If he refused to speak out the truth, thrash it out.
      他若拒绝讲出实情,就打字实情。
    • She would never thrash her children.
      她绝不会鞭打她的孩子。
  42. bitmap [‘bitmæp] n. 位图

    • The happy-face bitmap initially has no smile or frown.
      笑脸位图最初既不微笑也不皱眉。
    • Represents an image in bitmap graphic format.
      表示位图图形格式的图像。
  43. theoretically [θiə’retikəli, . θi:ə’retikəli] adv. 理论上

    • Theoretically, a line can extend into infinity.
      从理论上来说直线可以无限地延伸。
    • The limit of the theoretically possible universe.
      理论上可能的宇宙之界限
    • I will explain how it works theoretically.
      我将解释它在理论上如何运作
  44. detect [di’tekt] v. 发觉,察觉,探测

    • I seemed to detect some anger in his voice.
      我似乎在他的声音中听出一些怒气。
  45. definitely [‘definitli, ‘defənitli] adv. 肯定地,当然地,明确地

    • Sincerity will definitely touch people, and what one puts out will definitely be repaid.
      真诚肯定会让人感动,付出一定会得到回报。
    • Her views very definitely.
      她非常明确地阐述自己的观点。
    • It’s definite that he will win.
      他肯定会赢。
  46. versioning n. 版本控制;版本化;有版本

  47. pending [‘pendiŋ] adj. 待定的,即将发生或来临的 prep. 直到,等待. . . 的时候,在. . . 期间

    • A decision on this matter is pending.
      此事即将作出决定。
    • A climax is pending. [‘klaimæks]
      高潮即将来到。
  48. abbreviation=abbr. [ə. bri:vi’eiʃən] n. 缩写

    • All abbreviations are to be written out.
      所有的缩写都要完整地写出来
    • UK is the abbreviation of the United Kingdom.
      UK是大不列颠联合王国的缩写。
  49. trend [trend] n. 趋势,倾向,方位 vi. 倾向,转向

    • The trend of prices is still upwards.
      物价仍有上涨趋势。
    • The prices of houses are trending upwards.
      房价趋于上涨。
  50. see[116]

  51. vary with 随. . . 而变

    • The prices vary with the season.
      价格随季节变化而有所不同。
    • The prices of some vegetables vary with the season.
      某些蔬菜的价格随季节而变化
  52. I/O-bound a. IO约束的;受输入输出限制的

  53. responsible [ri’spɔnsəbl] adj. 有责任的,负责的,责任重大的,可靠的

    • Who’s responsible for the terrible mess?
      谁应该对这种混乱负责?
  54. predict [pri’dikt] v. 预言,预报,预知,预测

    • It is impossible to predict what will happen.
      预知未来的事是不可能的。
    • It is virtually impossible to predict the future accurately.
      精确预言未来的事实际上是办不到的[‘ækjurəsi]
  55. adaptive [ə’dæptiv] adj. 适合的, 适应的

    adapt [ə’dæpt]vt. 改编,使适应
    adaptation[. ædæp’teiʃən] n. 改编
    adaptable [ə’dæptəbl] adj. 能适应的,适应性强的,

    • An adaptive strategy bests them both.
      一个有适应性的策略可让两者都做到最好
    • Adaptive Networking 适应性网络
  56. redundant [ri’dʌndənt] adj. 多余的,累赘的,解雇的

    • Skill has been made redundant by machine.
      由于使用机器,手艺已变得多余
    • This word is redundant, it can be left out.
      这个字是多余的, 可以去掉。
    • There are too many redundant words in this book.
      这本书里多余的词太多。
  57. see[42]

  58. see[108]

  59. lookup [‘lukʌp] n. 检查

  60. efficiency [i’fiʃənsi] n. 效率,功率

    • We must improve our efficiency as soon as possible.
      我们必须尽快地提高工作效率
    • Their labor efficiency is very high.
      他们的工作效率很高。
  61. advisory [əd’vaizəri] adj. 顾问的,咨询的,劝告的 n. 报告

    • The advisory group has outlived its usefulness.
      顾问组已失去了它的作用。
    • The Met Office has issued a weather advisory.
      气象部门发布了一份气象报告。
    • We operate as an advisory service for schools.
      我们为学校提供咨询服务
  62. see[117]

  63. relative [‘relətiv] adj. 相对的,比较的,相关的 n. 亲戚 [语法]关系词

    • Motion is absolute while stagnation is relative.
      运动是绝对的,而静止是相对的。
  64. additional [ə’diʃənl] adj. 附加的, 额外的

    • He had to pay some additional charges.
      他不得不付些附加费
  65. independent [. indi’pendənt] adj. 独立的,自主的,独自的,无偏见的 n. 无党派者,独立派人士

    • The former colonial possessions are now independent states.
      以前的许多殖民地现已成为独立的国家。
  66. vice [vais] n. 缺点,恶习,邪恶,罪行,生理缺陷

    • He who thinks too much of his virtues reminds others of his vice.
      念念不忘自己长处的人,会使别人想起他的缺点。
  67. versa [‘və:sə]adj. 反

    • You know me better than others, vice versa.
      你比所有人更为了解我,反过来也是一样。
    • Active thoughts lead to active life and vice versa.
      积极思考引导积极的生活,反过来也一样。

    vice versa [‘vaisi’və:sə] adv. 反过来也是一样地

    • Man dictates to weapons, not vice versa.
      是人指挥武器,而不是武器指挥人
  68. measure [‘meʒə] n. 措施,量度,尺寸,程度,办法

    • The government has taken measures to restrain inflation.
      政府已采取措施控制通货膨胀。
    • I want the suit made to his own measure.
      我想要这套西装照他自己的尺寸做。
    • If this measure fails, there are other methods we could fall back on.
      这个措施要是不行,我们还可采取别的办法。
v. 测量,比较,给予,权衡
- They measured the height of the ceiling. 
    他们测量了天花板的高度。
- She measured her power with that of a dangerous adversary. 
    她拿自己的力量和危险的敌手进行较量
- He measured his words with caution. 
    他仔细斟酌着字句。
  1. miscellaneous[. misi’leinjəs] adj. 多方面的,各种的,性质混杂的

    • He likes to have miscellaneous collection.
      他喜欢多种多样的收集。
    • All miscellaneous consumer-goods are home-produced.
      各种各样的消费品都是家庭自己生产的
    • A small boy’s pockets are likely to contain a miscellaneous collection of objects.
      小男孩的口袋里往往藏有杂七杂八的东西
      n. 杂货,杂项
      [计算机] 杂的
      [合同法律用语]其他约定
    • Everything can be filed under miscellaneous.
      每件东西都可归入杂项。 file[fail]n. 档案,文件 vt. 把. . . 归档,提出(申请书、议案等)
  2. admit [əd’mit] vt. 承认,允许进入

    • He made a terrible mistake, but he refused to admit it.

    他犯了一个严重的错误,可是他拒不承认。

    • We have to admit that there is still room for improvement.
      我们不得不承认,在这方面有尚待改进的地方。
    • Each ticket admits two people to the party.
      每张票可供两人入场参加聚会。
      vi. 承认
    • He was admitted to the hospital suffering from burns.
      他由于烧伤,被送入医院治疗。
    • This sentence admits of several interpretations.
      这个句子可以有多种解释。
  3. restrict [ri’strikt] vt. 限制

    • Recent laws have tended to restrict the freedom of the press.
      新法例有限制新闻自由的趋势。
    • I restrict myself to smoking two cigarettes a day.
      我限定自己每天只抽两支烟。
    • You are restricted to eight liters of duty-free wine.
      携带的免税酒不得超过八升。
    • Their policy was to restrict our growth.
      他们的政策是限制我们的发展。
  4. consistent [kən’sistənt] adj. 始终如一的,持续的,一致的

    • She is a consistent girl in her feeling.
      在感情方面她是个始终如一的女孩。
    • Our aim is to ensure a consistent growth.
      我们的目标是确保持续的增长。
    • Your conduct is not consistent with what you say.
      你的言行不一致。
  5. reserve [ri’zə:v] vt. 保留 n. 候补,预备品,贮存 n. 含蓄,克制

    • We reserve the right to lodge a claim for loss.
      我们保留要求赔偿损失的权利。
    • I have reserved a table at the restaurant.
      我已在饭店预订了一桌菜。
    • The court will reserve judgement.
      法庭将延期判决。
  6. suspend [səs’pend] v. 暂停,悬浮,中止,勒令停职

    • As the workers went on strike, the company was obliged to suspend its operations.
      由于工人罢/工,该公司被迫暂停营运
    • They decided to suspend trade with that country.
      他们决定中断和那个国家的贸易。
    • The policeman was suspended while the complaint was investigated.
      因该警察遭投诉,在调查期间已令其暂停职务。
  7. deliberate [di’libərit] adj. 深思熟虑的,故意的,从容不迫的

    • She has a slow, deliberate way of talking.
      她谈话的方式缓慢而审慎.
      [v. 仔细考虑]
    • We had no time to deliberate on the problem.
      我们没有时间仔细思考这个问题.
      [研讨]
    • How long did it take you to deliberate about the problem?
      你们花了多长时间来讨论那个问题?
  8. see[117]

  9. otherwise [‘ʌðəwaiz] adv. 否则

    • Seize the chance, otherwise you’ll regret it.
      抓住这个机会,否则你会后悔的。
  10. gain insight into 对. . . 进一步了解

    • We study science to gain insight into natural laws.
      我们学习科学,是要对自然法则有进一步的了解。
  11. insight [‘insait] n. 洞察力

    • I’ve got an insight into the problem.
      我对问题豁然开朗。
  12. scalability [skeilə’biliti] n. 可伸缩性,可量测性

    *These scalability improvements may affect your forest structure.
    这些可伸缩性方面的改进可能影响到您的目录林结构。
    *The latter often dominates the effective scalability of production applications.
    后者通常控制着生产应用程序的有效可伸缩性。
    scalable [‘skeiləbl] adj. 可测量的,可伸缩的

    • Defining peers in this fashion is obviously not a scalable solution.
      用这种方式定义伙伴显然不是可伸缩的解决方案。
    • The PNG files will need to be scalable.
      巴新文件将需要升级。
  13. aggregate [‘ægrigeit] adj. 合计的,总的

    • What were your aggregate wages last year?
      去年你的工资一共是多少?
      n. [总计,进球总数,集料]
      v. [(使)聚集,总计]
    • Occasionally the cells might aggregate to form lentoid bodies.
      偶而,细胞能聚集形成类晶体球体。
    • The television audience aggregated 30 millions.
      电视观众合计达3000万人。
    • The sum will aggregate a thousand dollars.
      总额共计一千元。
  14. see[1]

  15. multi-CPU 多CPU

  16. anywhere [‘eniwɛə] adv. 任何地方 n. 任何(一个)地方

    • The city welcomes visitors from anywhere.
      这座城市欢迎来自任何地方的来访客人。
    • One day they may be able to go anywhere in space.
      会有那么一天,它们也许能够进入太空的任何地方。
  17. po·ten·tial [pə’tenʃəl] adj. 潜在的;可能的

    • These potential effects must be studied carefully.

    这些潜在的影响必须仔细地加以研究。

    • Aha! Now that ‘s something that has potential .
      啊! 现在这好像是很有可能的。
      n. [潜力,潜能]n. 电位;电势
    • She has acting potential, but she needs training.
      她有表演潜力,但需要训练。
    • He hasn’t realized his full potential yet.
      他还没有意识到他的全部潜能。
  18. contention [kən’tenʃən] n. 争论,争辩,争夺,论点

    • This is an issue of great contention at the moment.
      眼下这个问题是争论的热点
    • The subject deserves contention.
      这个问题值得争论。
  19. spent[spent] adj. 失效的,精疲力竭的

    • He fired a shot, then ejected the spent cartridge.
      他开了一枪,然后倒出了用过的弹夹。
    • At the end of the hot day the spent workers slept under a shady tree.
      经过炎热的一天,筋疲力尽的工人们在树荫下睡着了。
      spend,spent,spent;
      动词spend的过去式和过去分词
  20. see[162]

  21. intensive [in’tensiv] adj. 密集的;彻底的;精细的;强调的

    • This patient requires intensive care.
      该病人需要加强护理。
    • Do you have an intensive reading of English this term?
      这个学期你们有英语精读课程吗?
    • The word is used as an intensive word.
      这个词是用作加强语气的词。
  22. verbose [və’bəus] adj. 罗嗦的,冗长的

    a verbose speaker 说话啰唆的人

  23. coordinate [kəu’ɔ:dneit] v. (使)协调,(使)一致

    • You must coordinate the movements of your arms and legs when swimming.
      游泳时你必须使臂和腿的动作相协调。
    • You must coordinate what you said with what you did.
      你必须使你的言行一致。
      n. [坐标,同等的人物]
    • The filter is defined as a box of coordinates.
      过滤器定义的是一个方框的坐标。
      adj. [同等的]
    • This coordinate system is called the triad at the point.
      这个坐标系叫做该点的三面形坐标系。
  24. relay [ri’lei] vt. 转播,转述

    • Images of the war were relayed around the world.
      世界各地转播了战争的图像。
    • I will relay your opinion to the headmaster.
      我愿把你的意见转告校长。
      n. 继电器, 接力赛, 替班
  25. correspond [. kɔris’pɔnd] vi. 符合;相当;通信

    • Your account of events corresponds with hers.
      你说的情况跟她说的相符。
    • His ideas don’t correspond to reality.
      他的想法不切实际。
    • The American Congress corresponds to the British Parliament.
      美国的国会相当於英国的议会。
    • Do you ever correspond with your overseas friends?
      你和你国外的朋友通过信吗?
      a. 一致的
    • The corresponding results have a good agreement with the reactor dynamics.
      得到了与相应反应堆动力学很一致的结果。
  26. flexible [‘fleksəbl] adj. 灵活的,柔韧的,易弯曲的,可变通的

    • This tube is flexible but tough.
      这管子柔软但很坚固
    • We need a foreign policy that is more flexible.
      我们需要一个更为灵活的外交政策
      flexibility [. fleksə’biliti] n. 灵活性,弹性,适应性,柔韧性
    • Online education gives students enough flexibility.
      网上教育使学生们获得了许多灵活性
  27. see[180]

  28. consistent [kən’sistənt] adj. 始终如一的,持续的,一致的

    • She is a consistent girl in her feeling.
      在感情方面她是个始终如一的女孩。
    • What you’re saying now is not consistent with what you said last week.
      你现在说的话与上星期你说的不相符
  29. convention [kən’venʃən] n. 大会,协定,惯例,公约

    • The convention looms as political battle.
      这场大会将是一场政治角斗
    • The countries all agreed to sign the convention.
      各国都同意签署这项协定。
    • The handshake is a social convention.
      握手是社交惯例。
  30. relatively [‘relətivli] adv. 相对地,比较地

    • Relatively speaking, it’s a cold day today.
      相对地说,今天是个寒冷的日子
  31. see[155]

  32. cardinality [kɑ:di’næliti] n. 基数

    • The singular and plural names are used depending on the cardinality of the relationship.
      使用单数或复数名称取决于关系的基数。
    • We describe a parent class whose elements have a property with cardinality equal to one.
      我们描述一个父类,它的元素有一个基数等于一的属性。
  33. troubleshoot v. 寻找故障,调试,故障检测

    troubleshooting n. 发现并修理故障

    • This information may be requested by Product Support Services to troubleshoot and debug failures.
      产品支持服务部门可能需要此信息以排除故障与调试错误。
  34. influence [‘influəns] vt. 影响,感化 n. 影响力,权势,势力,影响;有影响的人(或事物)

- Children are easily influenced by their peers. 
	孩子很容易受同辈影响。
- Mr.  Smith is a man of influence in this town. 
	史密斯先生是这个镇上有权势的人物。
  1. in practice 在实践中

    • The idea sounds good but will it work in practice?
      这主意听起来不错,但在实践中行得通吗?
    • I am afraid the idea would never work in practice.
      恐怕这想法实际上行不通。